Direct and indirect speech

Direct speech and indirect speech, also known as reported speech, refer to the way in which we report or repeat what someone else has said. Here is an overview of the key concepts related to direct and indirect speech:

  1. Direct speech: Direct speech is the exact words that someone has spoken. It is usually enclosed in quotation marks and is preceded by a reporting verb such as “said,” “asked,” “told,” etc. For example: “He said, “I’m going to the store.”
  2. Indirect speech: Indirect speech is a rephrasing of what someone has said without using the exact words. It is not enclosed in quotation marks and the tense of the verb often changes to reflect the fact that the original statement was made in the past. For example: “He said (that) he was going to the store.”
  3. Tense changes: When converting direct speech to indirect speech, the tense of the verb often changes to reflect the fact that the original statement was made in the past. For example, “I’m going to the store” becomes “He said he was going to the store.”
  4. Pronoun changes: When converting direct speech to indirect speech, the pronoun may change to reflect the speaker. For example, “I’m going to the store” becomes “He said he was going to the store.”
  5. Word changes: Some words need to be changed when converting direct speech to indirect speech. For example, “here” becomes “there,” “this” becomes “that,” and “today” becomes “that day.”
  6. Practice: Practice is key to mastering direct and indirect speech. Reviewing examples of direct and indirect speech in texts you read, and practicing converting direct speech to indirect speech in your own writing and speaking will help you to improve your skills over time.

It’s important to note that the concept of direct and indirect speech is a complex one, and it can be challenging to master. However, with practice and study, you will be able to improve your understanding and ability to use these concepts correctly.

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